11th April is recognized as World Parkinson’s Day to spread awareness about the disorder worldwide and encourage improvement in the quality of life of the Parkinson’s patients. The patients of Parkinson’s disease face several challenges in their daily life and, often, feel lonely and left out due to their disabilities and restricted mobility. However, seeking the best physiotherapy for Parkinson’s disease can help you overcome the physical challenges and boost your morale to lead a better life with positive attitude. So, if you are wondering what exactly Parkinson’s disease is and how physiotherapy can help treat it, think no further. Read on to learn all about it.
What is Parkinson’s Disease?
It is a nervous system disorder which progresses gradually and affects the normal movements of the individuals and deteriorates the quality of life. As the ailment progresses, the person experiences stiffness, difficulty in balancing and walking, shaking, and carrying out routine activities smoothly.
Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
The loss of neurons which are responsible for the production of dopamine, a chemical messenger in the human brain, results in abnormal brain activity and causes most of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Keep reading to find some common causes of the disorder.
- Genetics: Certain genetic predispositions increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease.
- Environmental triggers: The risk of developing Parkinson’s disease is high in individuals who have an exposure to certain toxins and harmful environmental factors.
- The presence of Lewy bodies with alpha-synuclein: Lewy bodies, which are abnormal aggregation of protein in the brain cells, are microscopic markers of the disease.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease:
Here are some common signs and symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.
- Rigid muscles
- Poor balance and impaired posture
- Slowed movements
- Speech changes
- A loss of automatic movements
- Writing difficulties
Severe complications resulting due to the disease are listed below.
- Depression & emotional deterioration
- Cognitive problems, such as thinking difficulties
- Chewing and swallowing problems
- Sleep disorders
- Bladder problems
- Smell dysfunction
- Blood pressure changes
Risk Factors of Parkinson’s Disease:
- Age: Elderly individuals are more prone to suffer from Parkinson’s disease than young adults. It commonly affects individuals around 60 and above age.
- Gender: Males are 50% more likely to develop the disease than females.
- Heredity: Having a family member or close relative with this nervous disorder increases your risk of developing it.
Treatments for Parkinson’s Disease
- Medications: Your doctor may prescribe some medications which can help you manage difficulty in walking and minimize tremors. The medications may substitute or increase dopamine concentrations. Carbidopa-levodopa infusion, Dopamine agonists, MAO B inhibitors, Catechol O-methyltransferase (COMT) inhibitors, Amantadine, and Anticholinergics are some of the commonly prescribed medicines for Parkinson’s disease.
- Surgery: Surgical procedure involving deep brain stimulation can help minimize the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Thalamotomy and pallidotomy are other surgeries which can alleviate the discomforting symptoms.
- Physiotherapy Treatment: Physiotherapy is very crucial and effective in treating Parkinson’s Disease. Regular physiotherapy treatment involving physio exercises helps in improving the mobility, posture, balance, reducing the stiffness of the joints and mobilizing them, and improving flexibility of the tight musclesand then strengthening the muscles with resistance exercises. Continued physiotherapy helps in maintaining the mobility and promoting the patient’s functional independence.
Also, physiotherapy enables a Parkinson’s patient to perform his routine activities in a safe manner not only by improving his mobility but also by training him with techniques to prevent the risk of falls and balance issues. Here are some tips which can help improve your quality of life and ensure safety.
- Do not move too quickly.
- Avoid walking backwards and carrying weight/things while you are walking.
- Prefer to take a U-turn rather than turning your body over your legs.
- Do not lean. Look in front while walking and not downwards.
- Ensure you strike the ground with your heel first while walking.
- If you experience shuffling while you walk, stop and introspect your posture. Prefer to stand up straight.
So, spread awareness about the disease and its treatment this World Parkinson’s Day and help your near and dear ones, who suffer from it, to cope with it. Get in touch with us at Nightingales on 1800 103 4530 or https://www.nightingales.in for the best physiotherapy treatment for Parkinson’s disease, and receive the best physiotherapy care from out expert physiotherapist in comfort of your home.