Lifestyle Modifications and Diet Control During and Post Chikungunya Treatment
Chikungunya is a common menace in India during and after the rainy season. It is caused by the bite of an infected mosquito. The key to fighting any kind of infectious ailment is proper nutrition and hydration with a few lifestyle modifications. This disease accompanies with its high fever and severe joint pain primarily. Other symptoms include muscle pain, nausea, headaches, fatigue, and rashes.
The body uses more calories at the time of fever-causing lack of energy which can only be replenished by nutritious food and drinks that are easy on the stomach. Moreover, the immune system needs to be back on track to recover and fight the infection. All these make it important for the patient suffering from chikungunya to be kept well-nourished.
Here is a list of food and drinks to be consumed during and after infected with chikungunya:
I. Fluids and Liquid Based Foods: It is a must for people suffering from chikungunya to include plenty of fluids in their diet. These can be in the form of soups, water, juices, broths, etc. Fluids help in removing toxin from the body. Yellow daal, carrot soup, tomato soup, chicken soup, coconut water, cow milk, lemonade, etc. are great source of nutrition.
III. Fruits: Fruits are considered to be highly nutritious as they are rich in vitamins. Add plenty of fruits in your diet to get better soon.
IV. Eat Vitamins C and E Rich Foods: Vitamin C boosts immunity which is very important to treat chikungunya and vitamin E promotes good health. Increase your intake of vitamin C and E rich fruits like kiwis, oranges, guavas, pineapple, papaya, sweet lime, Indian gooseberry, mangoes melons, pomegranate, berries, etc. Eat vegetables like broccoli, yellow bell peppers, tomatoes, etc.
V. Omega 3 Fatty Acids: Including food items containing Omega 3 fatty acids in the diet of a chikungunya patient helps in reducing inflammation in the body. Flaxseeds, walnuts, almonds, chia seeds, fishes like tuna, mackerel, sardine, salmon, trout, etc. are a rich source of Omega 3 fatty acids.
VI. Chromium Rich Foods: In order to supply vital nutrients to the body and recover from weakness quickly, a chikungunya patient must be fed a diet comprising of chromium, zinc, and selenium. Fruits and vegetables like grapes, broccoli, etc. fall into this category.
Foods to Avoid
There are certain food products that should be avoided when down with chikungunya fever since these items weaken the immune or defense system of the body. These are:
- Sugary foods, bakery items, junk foods
- Frozen and processed foods
- Carbonated and caffeinated beverages
- Oily, spicy, fried and fatty foods such as red meat
Avoid smoking as well to get relief from chikungunya.
Home Remedies for Pain Relief
In order to get relief from muscle ache and joint pain, consider the following remedies:
- Cold compress is one of the best ways to get relief from pain caused due to chikungunya. Cold compress numbs the nerve endings and relaxes the flow of blood which helps in reducing pain and swelling. Make a cold compress by adding a few ice cubes on a towel. Tie it up and hold the compress onto the area where there is a pain for 3 to 5 minutes. Repeat when necessary.
- Massaging the painful joints with olive oil, coconut oil, etc. relieve pain since it would relax the muscles and reduce swelling as well as stiffness.
- Add ginger and turmeric to your diet in the form of tea. These anti-inflammatory ingredients will help in dealing with the pain.
By following the above-mentioned tips, it would become easier to cope with chikungunya and its excruciating symptoms. It is equally important to continue with the medicines for as long as suggested by the doctor to ensure a comprehensive treatment of the condition.
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