Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious condition resulting due to the toxin of Clostridium tetani, a common bacterium. It causes spasms of facial or jaw muscles, radiate to the limbs and back, and block the breathing ability of the affected person. Fortunately, we have tetanus toxoid vaccination which offers us immunity against this deadly ailment. Keep reading to learn more about it.

What is Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine?

Tetanus vaccine is an inactive vaccine that helps in preventing the risk of being a victim of tetanus. The vaccine exposes you to a small amount of the bacteria, thereby enabling your body to develop immunity to the nerve ailment i.e. tetanus. 

Who Can Have Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine & When?

Children who are 7 years old and older, as well as adults, can have a tetanus vaccine to keep the ailment at bay. Generally, five doses of tetanus vaccine are recommended to have during childhood and have the sixth dose in adolescence. Besides this primary immunization schedule, it is advisable to have a tetanus vaccine every 10 years as a booster dose. 

  • A booster is provided within 48 hours of the occurrence of an injury to the individuals who are not at par on their tetanus immunization.
  • Individuals, who are at a high risk of suffering injuries and are not fully immunized, may receive tetanus antitoxin.
  • If pregnant women are immunized to tetanus, it can help avoid the risk of neonatal tetanus. It is important to note that the tetanus toxoid vaccine is quite safe to have while you are expecting.

What Should You Inform Your Healthcare Provider Before Having Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine?

It is very important to note that an individual suffering from a life-threatening allergic reaction should not go for another dose of the tetanus toxoid vaccine. 

In certain cases, it may not be recommended to have a tetanus vaccine. Also, have a word with your doctor if you have the following conditions.

  • Cancer
  • HIV/AIDS or any other health condition which harms your immune system.
  • If you are following a medication that affects your immune system. This includes drugs, such as steroids or immunosuppressant medications.
  • If you are currently following cancer treatments, such as radiation,, or medication.

If you are seriously or moderately ill, it is better to wait until your recovery before receiving the vaccine. If you have a minor health issue, such as the common cold, you may get vaccinated.

Also, consult your doctor if you are a breast-feeding mother or expecting a child.

Who Administers Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine?

You receive the vaccine from a qualified nurse, doctor, or any other responsible professional healthcare provider.

How is Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine Administered?

Your doctor, nurse, or any other responsible healthcare provider will administer the tetanus toxoid vaccine as an injection. After completing the primary immunization schedule of the tetanus vaccine, you need to have the booster dose every 10 years. So, inform your doctor about your primary immunization as well as the booster schedule.

Also, the tetanus toxoid vaccine can be received while receiving other vaccines.

What Are the Side-Effects of Tetanus Toxoid Vaccine?

Mild side-effects of tetanus toxoid vaccine range from mild fever, redness, pain, itching, or swelling at the site of injection, tiredness, aching muscles, nausea, to joint pain. Your doctor may recommend Acetaminophen to alleviate the side-effects.

If any of these side-effects persists or worsens, it is advisable to inform your doctor immediately. 

Always keep in mind that your healthcare provider has advised this vaccine as per its need and after judging its effects and benefits for your well-being. Most individuals receiving tetanus toxoid vaccines do not suffer from its serious adverse effects. Seizures, tingling of the feet or hands, muscle weakness, and hearing issues are some serious effects but occur in very rare cases. In fact, a serious allergic reaction to the vaccine is extremely rare. Seek medical attention as soon as possible if you happen to experience such a severe reaction.So, if you have any query related to tetanus toxoid vaccine or feel the need to receive the vaccine, do not hesitate to get in touch with us at Nightingales on 1800 103 4530 or https://www.nightingales.in and our experienced doctors, nurses, or expert healthcare professionals will be pleased to provide you the best healthcare service in the comfort of your abode.

Picture courtesy : who.int