Pneumonia is a concerning lung infection that fills up the air sacs in your lungs with pus or fluid and makes it difficult for you to inhale sufficient oxygen to supply it to your bloodstream. Individuals of any age-group can catch this lung infection and suffer from its hazardous effects. Unfortunately, pneumonia is one of the major threats to mankind these days, as it is a prominent symptom of an advanced stage of coronavirus. It deteriorates one’s lung health and poses a fatal threat. In such circumstances, pneumonia vaccination gains immense importance as it is effective in preventing pneumonia resulting due to pneumococcus bacterium i.e. Streptococcus pneumoniae. Let’s learn all about it.
What is the Pneumococcal Vaccine?
The injection of pneumococcal vaccine into the body triggers your immune system to generate antibodies that act against pneumococcus bacteria. It safeguards you against severe and potentially lethal pneumococcal infections.
Types of Pneumococcal Vaccines:
There are two types of pneumococcal vaccines as listed below.
- Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine or PCV13
- Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine or PPSV23
Of the 80 varieties of pneumococcus bacteria, PPSV23 covers 23 of them and safeguards you against catching pneumonia infection resulting due to these 23 bacterial strains. It is important to note that, among 80 varied serotypes, most infections result due to these 23 types of bacteria which are contained in PPSV23. So, it offers you a great immunity to the infection.
For babies under 2 years of age, the new PCV13 vaccine is developed in 2010 that helps in stimulating underdeveloped immune systems, like those of kids. The vaccine covers 13 serotypes of pneumonia.
Who Should Have PPSV23 & PCV13?
Individuals who can go for PPSV23 include:
- Grown-ups who are 65 years and older
- Individuals falling in the age group of 2 to 64 years with certain medical issues
- Adults coming under the age-group of 19 to 64 years who have the habit of smoking cigarettes
Individuals who can go for PCV13 include:
- Babies under 2 years
- Kids who are 2 years and older having certain medical issues
- The elderly who are 65 and above can discuss with their doctor to have this vaccine.
Who Should Not Get Pneumococcal Vaccination?
Due to the age and prevailing health issues, certain individuals should not have some vaccines and have a word with the doctor about their condition. Find more about it below.
- Who should not have PCV13?
Have a word with the healthcare professional who will be delivering PCV13 to you or your kid if you or your kid are suffering from a severe allergy or a life-threatening allergic reaction.
Any individual having a life-threatening allergic reaction to the vaccines listed below should not go for PCV13:
- Any vaccine comprising diphtheria toxoid
- A dose of PCV13
- PCV7, an earlier pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
Any individual suffering from a serious allergic reaction to PCV13’s any component should refrain from getting it.
Also, if you or your child have a serious illness, you should wait till you experience recovery from the condition before going for this vaccine and consult your doctor for the same.
- Who should not have PPSV23?
- Pregnant women:
Even though there is no evidence yet that PPSV23 is harmful to a pregnant female or her foetus, as a precaution, it is advisable to not to have this vaccine if you are expecting.
- Individuals having a serious allergic condition or life-threatening reaction to PPSV23 or any of its components should not go for its another dose.
- Any adult or your child suffering from a serious health condition should wait till recovering before going for PPSV23.
What Are the Side-Effects of Pneumococcal Vaccine?
Most individuals receiving pneumococcal vaccination do not experience any serious issue. They may experience quite mild side-effects, which may vanish in a few days on their own. Some of the common side-effects of the pneumococcal vaccine include:
- Swelling or hardness at the site of the injection
- A mild fever
- Redness at the site of the injection
So, if you, your kid, or any family member wish to receive the pneumococcal vaccine to develop immunity against pneumonia and have any queries regarding it, get in touch with us at Nightingales on 1800 103 4530 or https://www.nightingales.in and our experienced healthcare professionals will offer you the best healthcare service in the comfort of your home from.
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